11. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969), known simply as Mies, was a prominent American architect of German descent. Together with other iconic figures in architecture like Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Walter Gropius, he is generally seen as among the most important pioneers of modern architecture. Mies infused 20th century architecture with an extreme simplicity and clarity. In an attempt to reflect the Industrial Age, Mies often incorporated exposed structural steel. Always stressing that less is more, most of his designs demonstrate elegance and simplicity without excessive ornamentation. Mies designed several structures and buildings in different countries although the most eye-catching of his works is the Barcelona Pavilion in Spain. Other high-profile works by Mies are the IBM Plaza (now the AMA Plaza) in Chicago, Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, and Tugendhat House in Brno, Czechia.