2. Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin
Walter Burley Griffin (1876-1937) was an American urban planner and an architect whose partner was fellow architect and artist Marion Mahony Griffin (1871-1861). Inspired in part by the Chicago-based Prairie School, they developed a distinctively modern style. Walter is known for inventing the L-shaped floor plan found in many modern homes and the addition of the protective carport. His wife was also a renowned architectural artist who worked with Frank Lloyd Wright. The Griffins won the design contest to plan the capital city of Australia, Canberra. They created the monumental “Parliamentary Triangle” at the center of the city similar to Washington, D.C., but with an even greater focus on broad avenues and green spaces. Griffin also designed several other buildings like the W.H Emery House found in Elmhurst, Illinois and John Gauler House found in Chicago, Illinois.